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Lesser General Public License For Linguistic Resources
Lesser General Public License For Linguistic Resources
The licenses for most data are designed to take away your freedom to
share and change it. By contrast, this License is intended to guarantee
your freedom to share and change free data--to make sure the data are
free for all their users.
This License, the Lesser General Public License for Linguistic Resources,
applies to some specially designated linguistic resources -- typically
lexicons and grammars.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License Agreement applies to any Linguistic Resource which contains
a notice placed by the copyright holder or other authorized party saying it
may be distributed under the terms of this Lesser General Public License for
Linguistic Resources (also called "this License"). Each licensee is
addressed as "you".
A "linguistic resource" means a collection of data about language prepared
so as to be used with application programs.
The "Linguistic Resource", below, refers to any such work which has been
distributed under these terms. A "work based on the Linguistic Resource" means
either the Linguistic Resource or any derivative work under copyright law: that
is to say, a work containing the Linguistic Resource or a portion of it, either
verbatim or with modifications and/or translated straightforwardly into another
language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term
"Legible form" for a linguistic resource means the preferred form of the resource
for making modifications to it.
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by
this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running a program using the
Linguistic Resource is not restricted, and output from such a program is covered
only if its contents constitute a work based on the Linguistic Resource
(independent of the use of the Linguistic Resource in a tool for writing it).
Whether that is true depends on what the program that uses the Linguistic
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Linguistic Resource as you
receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately
publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty;
keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any
warranty; and distribute a copy of this License along with the Linguistic Resource.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at
your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Linguistic Resource or any portion
of it, thus forming a work based on the Linguistic Resource, and copy and distribute
such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you
also meet all of these conditions:
a) The modified work must itself be a linguistic resource.
b) You must cause the files modified to carry prominent notices stating that
you changed the files and the date of any change.
c) You must cause the whole of the work to be licensed at no charge to all
third parties under the terms of this License.
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections
of that work are not derived from the Linguistic Resource, and can be reasonably
considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and
its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate
works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work
based on the Linguistic Resource, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms
of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole,
and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to
work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control
the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Linguistic Resource.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Linguistic Resource
with the Linguistic Resource (or with a work based on the Linguistic Resource) on a
volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the
scope of this License.
3. A program that contains no derivative of any portion of the Linguistic Resource,
but is designed to work with the Linguistic Resource (or an encrypted form of the
Linguistic Resource) by reading it or being compiled or linked with it, is called
a "work that uses the Linguistic Resource". Such a work, in isolation, is not a
derivative work of the Linguistic Resource, and therefore falls outside the scope
of this License.
However, combining a "work that uses the Linguistic Resource" with the Linguistic
Resource (or an encrypted form of the Linguistic Resource) creates a package that
is a derivative of the Linguistic Resource (because it contains portions of the
Linguistic Resource), rather than a "work that uses the Linguistic Resource". If
the package is a derivative of the Linguistic Resource, you may distribute the
package under the terms of Section 4. Any works containing that package also
fall under Section 4.
4. As an exception to the Sections above, you may also combine a "work that uses
the Linguistic Resource" with the Linguistic Resource (or an encrypted form of the
Linguistic Resource) to produce a package containing portions of the Linguistic
Resource, and distribute that package under terms of your choice, provided that
the terms permit modification of the package for the customer's own use and reverse
engineering for debugging such modifications.
You must give prominent notice with each copy of the package that the Linguistic
Resource is used in it and that the Linguistic Resource and its use are covered by
this License. You must supply a copy of this License. If the package during execution
displays copyright notices, you must include the copyright notice for the Linguistic
Resource among them, as well as a reference directing the user to the copy of this
License. Also, you must do one of these things:
a) Accompany the package with the complete corresponding machine-readable
legible form of the Linguistic Resource including whatever changes were used
in the package (which must be distributed under Sections 1 and 2 above); and,
if the package contains an encrypted form of the Linguistic Resource, with the
complete machine-readable "work that uses the Linguistic Resource", as object
code and/or source code, so that the user can modify the Linguistic Resource
and then encrypt it to produce a modified package containing the modified
b) Use a suitable mechanism for combining with the Linguistic Resource. A
suitable mechanism is one that will operate properly with a modified version
of the Linguistic Resource, if the user installs one, as long as the modified
version is interface-compatible with the version that the package was made with.
c) Accompany the package with a written offer, valid for at least three years,
to give the same user the materials specified in Subsection 4a, above, for a
charge no more than the cost of performing this distribution.
d) If distribution of the package is made by offering access to copy from a
designated place, offer equivalent access to copy the above specified materials
from the same place.
e) Verify that the user has already received a copy of these materials or
that you have already sent this user a copy.
If the package includes an encrypted form of the Linguistic Resource, the required form
of the "work that uses the Linguistic Resource" must include any data and utility
programs needed for reproducing the package from it. However, as a special exception,
the materials to be distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed
(in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on)
of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself
accompanies the executable.
It may happen that this requirement contradicts the license restrictions of proprietary
libraries that do not normally accompany the operating system. Such a contradiction means
you cannot use both them and the Linguistic Resource together in a package that you distribute.
5. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, link with, or distribute the Linguistic Resource
except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify,
sublicense, link with, or distribute the Linguistic Resource is void, and will automatically
terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights,
from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties
remain in full compliance.
6. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing
else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Linguistic Resource or its derivative
works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by
modifying or distributing the Linguistic Resource (or any work based on the Linguistic Resource),
you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for
copying, distributing or modifying the Linguistic Resource or works based on it.
7. Each time you redistribute the Linguistic Resource (or any work based on the Linguistic
Resource), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy,
distribute, link with or modify the Linguistic Resource subject to these terms and conditions.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted
herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.
8. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any
other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court
order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy
simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then
as a consequence you may not distribute the Linguistic Resource at all. For example, if a
patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Linguistic Resource by
all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you could
satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular
circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply, and the section as a whole is
intended to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property
right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of
protecting the integrity of the free resource distribution system which is implemented by public
license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of data
distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up
to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute resources through any other
system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of
the rest of this License.
9. If the distribution and/or use of the Linguistic Resource is restricted in certain countries
either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the
Linguistic Resource under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not
thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the
body of this License.
10. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the Lesser General
Public License for Linguistic Resources from time to time. Such new versions will be similar
in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Linguistic Resource specifies a
version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version
published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Linguistic Resource does not specify a license
version number, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
11. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Linguistic Resource into other free programs whose
distribution conditions are incompatible with these, write to the author to ask for permission.
12. BECAUSE THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE
LINGUISTIC RESOURCE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN
WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE "AS IS"
WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK
AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE LINGUISTIC
RESOURCE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
13. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT
HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE AS
PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE
(INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED
BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE LINGUISTIC RESOURCE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER
SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS